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The author would like to take this opportunity to recommend two wonderful books, from which many of the photographs found on this website have been taken: Lennart Nilsson's A Child is Born and Geraldine Lux Flanagan's Beginning Life. These are both wonderfully informative, beautifully illustrated books -- great sources of further information on prenatal development.

-S. Lynne Volkhardt

Picture Credits

1.) Fertilization

Dr. R. Forman, London Gynaecology and Fertility Center. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp. 22.

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2.) Blastocyst at 4 Days

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp. 63.

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3.) Embryo at 14 Days.

Carnegie Institute of Washington. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp. 39.

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4.) Embryo in the 3rd Week Gestation

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp. 74.

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5.) Embryo Later in the 3rd Week

Carnegie Institute of Washington. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp. 39.

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6.) 3 Week Old Embryo

Petit Format/Science Source Photo Researcher. Inc. Published in:

Myers, David G. Exploring Psychology: Fourth Edition. Hope College: Worth Publishers, 1999. pp. 81

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7.) 4 Week Old Embryo

Petit Format/Science Source Photo Researcher. Inc. Published in:

Myers, David G. Exploring Psychology: Fourth Edition. Hope College: Worth Publishers, 1999. pp. 81

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8.) 4 Week Old Embryo, Overhead View of Developing Brain and Hands

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp.78.

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9.) 4 Week Old Embryo, Back View

Prof. E. Ludwig, Anatomisches Institut der Universitat Basil. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp. 36.

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10.) 5 Week Old Embryo

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp. 83.

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11.) Portrait of a 5 Week Old Embryo

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp. 83.

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12.) 6 Week Old Embryo (converted from color to black and white for clarity)

Petit Format/Nestle/Science Source/Photo Researchers. Published in:

Papalia, Diane E. and Olds, Sally Wendkos. A Child's World: Infancy Through Adolescence: Fifth Editon. University of Pennsylvania: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 1990. pp. 96

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13.) Portrait of a 7 Week Old Embryo

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp. 90.

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14.) 10 Week Old Fetus

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp. 109.

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15.) 12 Week Old Fetus (converted from color to black and white for clarity).

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp. 119.

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16.) 15 Week Old Fetus

Dr. J.D. Bromhall. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp. 66.

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17.) 19 Week Old Fetus

Oxford Scientific Films: D.Bromhall. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp. 79.

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18.) Portrait of a 5 Month (20 - 23 Weeks) Old Fetus (converted from color to black and white for clarity)

Science Photo Library: Petit Format, Nestle. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp. 84.

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19.) Kelly T. - Born at 21 Weeks

"Milestones in fetal development." Human development: Ohio Right to Life. (24 Nov. 1995). http://www.ohiolife.org/develop/mileston.htm

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20.) 6 Month (24 Week) Old Fetus

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp. 121.

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21.) Baby Born at 7 Months (24 - 27 Weeks) Gestation

Saskia van Rees, Stichting Lichaamstaal. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp. 95.

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22.) 8 Month Old Fetus

Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990. pp. 141.

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23.) Baby Born at 8 Months

Saskia van Rees, Stichting Lichaamstaal. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp. 95.

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24.) Full-term Newborn

Anthea Sieveking. Published in:

Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996. pp.104.

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Text Referenences

1.) Chamberlain, David, ed.. "Early and very early parenting: parents ask about life in the womb." Life before birth.

http://www.birthpsychology.com/lifebefore/early3.html

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2.) Chamberlain, David, ed.. "Prenatal memory and learning." Life before birth.

http://www.birthpsychology.com/lifebefore/earlymem.html

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3.) Chamberlain, David, ed.. "The fetal senses." Life before birth.

http://www.birthpsychology.com/lifebefore/fetalsense.html

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4.) "Communication before language." Life before birth.

http://www.birthpsychology.com/lifebefore/comm.html

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5.) Flanagan, Geraldine Lux. Beginning Life. New York: DK Publishing, 1996.

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6.) Gray's Anatomy. Philadelphia: Running Press, 1974.

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7.) Houp, Katherine H. "Embryology." Piotrowski, Nancy A., ed. v. 4 Magill's medical guide: health and illness suppliment. Salem Press; 1996. pp. 1069-1073.

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8.) "Milestones in fetal development." Ohio Right to Life: Human Development. (24 Nov. 1995).

http://www.ohiolife.org/develop/mileston.htm

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9.) "Neurology." Piotrowski, Nancy A., ed. v. 4 Magill's medical guide: health and illness suppliment. Salem Press, 1996. pp. 1397 - 1400

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10.) Nilsson, Lennart. A Child is Born. New York: Dell Publishing, 1990.

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11.) Papalia, Diane E.; Olds, Sally Wendkos. A child's world: infancy through adolescense. New York: McGraw Hill, 1990.

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12.) Purves, William K.; Gordon, H. Orians, H; Heller, Craig H.; Sadava, David. Life: the science of biology. Salt Lake City, UT: Sinauer Associates, 1998.

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13.) Ross, Anna E. "Summary of prenatal fevelopment." Dr. Ross' Vertebrate Embryology Course (Bio 211): Contents of Unit 2 Embryology Lecture Notes. (Fall 1996).

http://www.cbu.edu/~aross/emlec-u2.HTM#Summary_of_Prenatal_Development

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